Magnetism is ideal for separating mixtures of two solids, with one part having magnetic properties. Some metals like iron, nickel, and cobalt have magnetic properties whiles gold, silver and aluminum do not. Magnetic elements are attracted to a magnet. It works like this: Let us take a mixture of sand and iron filing for example.
The device used to separate minerals based on their magnetic properties is called a Frantz Isodynamic Magnetic Separator. The magnetic separator consists of a large electromagnet through which mineral mixtures can be passed on a metal trough which is divided near its exit end. Varying the strength of the magnetic field and/or slope of the separation trough is used to
June 10, 2020
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